Thankfully switching browsers is trivial compared to switching operating systems on macOS. Tor Browser is considered to be one of the most private browsers out there. Vivaldi is a relatively new browser introduced in But V is hands-down the most innovative browser on the market today where features and customization are concerned.
When the build is complete you can start Vivaldi from the system menu or running the command vivaldi-stable from the command line. Looking for developer tools? Composed entirely of libre software this is perhaps the most freedom-respecting version of Firefox available.
Overall, a personal favorite of my own. Based on some information from Online Spyware Watchdog Pale Moon, like Firefox, sends telemetry by default but can be cajoled to not send telemetry or connect to Google Analytics. Build from source via AUR using command pamac build palemoon. Luckily there are some other installation options available via search :. Symlink to register the container on the host, as per systemd-nspawn Management :.
This can help obscure DNS requests. Start and enable systemd-nspawn tor-exit. Login to the container see systemd-nspawn machinectl :. See systemd-nspawn Root login fails if you cannot log in. Start and enable systemd-networkd. The only way to browse anonymously is with the supported Tor Browser Bundle , which uses a patched version of Firefox.
It can be installed with the torbrowser-launcher package or the tor-browser AUR package. Tor can also be used with regular browsers: see Firefox or Chromium to run these browsers through the Tor network. Note this is not an anonymous way to browse even in "private browsing" mode: fingerprinting, plugins, DNS leak and other shortcomings may reveal your IP address or identity.
The hostname for these URLs will be resolved by the proxy server, and not locally by Chrome. The --proxy-server flag applies to URL loads only. There are other components of Chrome which may issue DNS resolves directly and hence bypass this proxy server. The most notable such component is the "DNS prefetcher".
Disabling DNS prefetching would solve this problem, however it is a fragile solution since one needs to be aware of all the areas in Chrome which issue raw DNS requests. Just as with Firefox, you can setup a fast switch for example through Proxy SwitchySharp. Once installed enter in its configuration page. Add following line to your torrc file to set port on your localhost as http proxy:.
Refer to Tor manual for further information. The FoxyProxy add-on allows you to specify multiple proxies for different URLs or for all your browsing. After restarting Firefox manually set Firefox to port on localhost , which is where Polipo or Privoxy are running. Select a proxy label e. To check if Tor is functioning properly visit the Tor Check website and toggle Tor.
The Tor Project has created a custom Polipo configuration file to prevent potential problems with Polipo as well to provide better anonymity. If you want to use Chromium with Tor, you do not need the Polipo package see: Chromium. You can also use this setup in other applications like messaging e.
Jabber , IRC. A problem with this method though is that applications doing DNS resolves by themselves may leak information. Consider using Socks4A e. You can set up Pidgin to use Tor globally, or per account. The proxy settings are as follows:. Note that some time in the Port has changed from to if you use the Tor Browser Bundle. Try the other value if you receive a "Connection refused" message. This article or section is out of date. Libera Chat recommends connecting to.
Start irssi:. Set your identification to nickserv, which will be read when connecting. For more information check Accessing Libera. Pacman download operations repository DBs, packages, and public keys can be done using the Tor network. Note on gpg: On stock arch, pacman only trust keys which are either signed by you that can be done with pacman-key --lsign-key or signed by 3 of 5 Arch master keys.
If a malicious exit node replaces packages with ones signed by its key, pacman will not let the user install the package. One can run ensure a java application proxies its connections through Tor by appending the following command line options:. The Tor network is reliant on people contributing bandwidth and setting up services.
There are several ways to contribute to the network. A Tor bridge is a Tor relay that is not listed in the public Tor directory, thus making it possible for people to connect to the Tor network when governments or ISPs block all public Tor relays. To run a Tor bridge, make your torrc configuration file be just these four lines also see Tor Project running a bridge :.
This means that your machine will act as an entry node or forwarding relay and, unlike a bridge, it will be listed in the public Tor directory. Your IP address will be publicly visible in the Tor directory but the relay will only forward to other relays or Tor exit nodes, not directly to the internet. Any requests from a Tor user to the regular internet obviously need to exit the network somewhere, and exit nodes provide this vital service.
To the accessed host, the request will appear as having originated from your machine. This means that running an exit node is generally considered more legally onerous than running other forms of Tor relays.
Before becoming an exit relay, you may want to read Tor Project - tips for running an exit node. Using the torrc , you can configure which services you wish to allow through your exit node. To bind Tor to privileged ports the service must be started as root.
To listen on Port 80 and the service need to be started as root as described in Start tor. This configuration is based on the Tor Manual. Tor opens a socks proxy on port by default -- even if you do not configure one. Log notice stdout changes logging to stdout, which is also the Tor default.
ExitPolicy reject XXX. DisableAllSwap 1 "will attempt to lock all current and future memory pages, so that memory cannot be paged out". If you want to watch Tor connections in nyx DisableDebuggerAttachment 0 must also be specified. If you want to run nyx as a different user than tor , read section Set a Tor Control cookie file.
Setup and learn to use iptables. Instead of being a Simple stateful firewall where connection tracking would have to track thousands of connections on a tor exit relay this firewall configuration is stateless. See Haveged to decide if your system generates enough entropy to handle a lot of OpenSSL connections, see haveged - A simple entropy daemon and how-to-setup-additional-entropy-for-cloud-servers-using-haveged for documentation.
This configuration stub shows how to cache queries to your normal DNS recursor locally and increase pdnsd cache size to MB. If there are no errors, one can run nyx to ensure your relay is making connections. Do not be concerned if your new relay is slow at first; this is normal. After approximately 3 hours, your relay should be published and searchable on Relay Search.
The Tor 0. To enable it add the following lines to the Tor configuration file and restart the daemon:. This will allow Tor to accept DNS requests listening on port in this example like a regular DNS server, and resolve the domain via the Tor network. For more information see this Debian-based introduction. DNS queries can also be performed through a command line interface by using tor-resolve For example:.
It is possible to configure your system, if so desired, to use TorDNS for all queries your system makes, regardless of whether or not you eventually use Tor to connect to your final destination. To do this, configure your system to use The following instructions will show how to set up dnsmasq for this purpose. Note, if you are using NetworkManager you will need to add your configuration file to to the location outlined in NetworkManager dnsmasq.